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Seville archaeological museum is       people and a fabled place than real
                                 housed in a beautiful pavilion in the   historical figures and location. Now both are
                                  Plaza de America near the Plaza de   being reluctantly accepted by the academic
                                  España. Exhibits range from early    community and eagerly embraced by the
                                   prehistory through to the Middle Ages   tourist board.
                                   with an emphasis on the Roman       Recent archaeological discoveries have
                                   period, primarily finds from the nearby   shown that there was, in fact, a civilisation
                                   Roman city of Italica. Many of the   that was a little more fortunate than others
                                   mosaics and statuary from Italica   in south-west Spain at the time. Fortunate in
                                   found their way to the museum.      that they occupied a territory rich in metallic
                                   Recently more prominence has been   ores in the mountains on the periphery and
                                   given to the period roughly 1000 BC   the extremely fertile valley of the
                                   to 400 BC, from the late Bronze Age   Guadalquivir in the centre. The sheltered
                                   in Andalucia to the beginning of the   and shallow estuary of the river gave access
                                   Iron Age.                           to the Atlantic Ocean with all its resources.
                                   During the late Bronze Age period a   In those days the Guadalquivir estuary was a
                                   group of people now called          bay. The land on which Seville now rests
                                  Tartessians, lived in the Guadalquivir   was on the northern shore of that bay. The
                                  valley in a territory that was roughly   people of that land worked metals mined in
                                  circular, 100 kilometres radius, centred   the Sierra Morena and were the southern
                                  on the present city of Seville. The area   end of a trading network that extended
                                  is now tentatively identified as     through Portugal as far as Brittany in France
                                     Tartessos. Until about 2005 the   and perhaps even to Cornwall in Britain.
                                      Tartessians and Tartessos were   They also had links into North Africa from
                                       treated more like a mythical    which came precious items such as ivory
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