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First Lieutenant Edward Hunt Caulfield

        Some of the characters, now only remembered by their   Caulfield was mortally wounded whilst the Imperieuse
        headstones, have inspired authors and filmmakers.   was engaging a French privateer off the coast of Almeria
        HMS Imperieuse was built as the ‘Medea’ in Ferrol,   in February 1808.
        northern Spain and captured by the British during the   The Imperieuse with Cochrane commanding went on to
        ambushing of the neutral Spanish treasure fleet off Cap   other actions including the Siege of the Bay of Rosas in
        Finisterre in 1804 by a squadron led by Rear-Admiral   1808 and the notorious cutting-out operation at Basque
        Alexander Cochrane. This large and very sea-handy   Roads (Aix la Chapelle) in 1809 that led to the court-
        Spanish frigate was taken into British service and refitted   martial of Admiral Gambier. Cochrane had led the fireship
        at Falmouth as a 38-gun, 5th-rate frigate. She was   attack on a French Fleet and may well have burnt the
        renamed ‘Imperieuse’ and the command given to Admiral  entire fleet if the British Commander in Chief, Gambier,
        Cochrane’s nephew, the dashing frigate commander    had properly supported him.
        Captain Thomas Cochrane later 10th Earl of Dundonald.   While Lieutenant Edward Hunt Caulfield is remembered
        His First Lieutenant was Edward Hunt Caulfield.     forever in the Trafalgar Cemetery, Captain Thomas
        Imperieuse engaged in many of Lord Cochrane’s most   Cochrane lives on as Jack Aubrey in Patrick O’Brian’s
        daring and famous actions. In one such action, Lieutenant  novels.

        William Grave, Master of HMS Caesar

        Not all naval actions lead to such glorious victories as   The English retreated to Gibraltar to repair the extensive
        Trafalgar as the monument to William Grave, Master of   damage to their ships while Admiral Linois re-floated the
        HMS Caesar, reminds us.                             ships that he had beached during the action to prevent
        In July 1801 the French Admiral Linois tried to enter the   them from being taken.
        harbour at Cádiz with three ships of the line and one   On the 12th July 1801 the French fleet, now reinforced by
        frigate but, finding it blockaded by a British squadron,   one French and five Spanish ships of the line, left
        made for Algeciras harbour which, at that time, was   Algeciras for Cádiz pursued by Saumarez. The French/
        protected by four Spanish forts. At that period of the   Spanish fleet proved faster than the English ships so
        Napoleonic Wars, Spain was an uneasy ally of France.   Saumarez gave his fastest ship. HMS Superb, 74 guns,
        Under the watchful eyes of the British on Gibraltar   his permission to chase and attack the enemy at will.
        Admiral Linois successfully anchored his small fleet in   Superb caught up with the Spanish rear-guard just after
        Algeciras Bay.                                      nightfall and sailed between the San Hermenegildo and
        On the 6th July 1801, Admiral Sir James Saumarez with   the Real Carlos, both of 112 guns. Captain Richard
        six ships of the line sailed out of Gibraltar to attack the   Goodwin Keats opened fire on both ships as he slipped
        French fleet. Saumarez flew his flag on the 80 gun HMS   between them. The Spanish, not realising the Superb
        Caesar. The captain was Captain Jahleel Brenton and the  had now gone ahead, fired on each other resulting in the
        Master was William Grave. The attack failed due to the   loss of both ships. Keats went on to attack and capture
        heavy fire from the Spanish forts, light winds and shoals   the French St. Antoine, 74 guns. This action proved a
        in the bay. HMS Hannibal one of the five 74 gunships ran   significant victory for the English who only suffered a
        aground and was captured. During the short action, the   further 17 killed and 100 wounded. The combined French
        British lost 121 killed and 240 wounded, one of whom   and Spanish losses amounted to 2,000, 1,700 of whom
        was William Grave whose ship had been in the thick of   were killed when the Real Carlos and San Hermenegildo
        the battle.                                         blew each other up.
        Lieutenants Thomas Worth and John Buckland                                                                           Captain James Lilburn

        In the early 19th century, Gibraltar was a vital, strategic   The French occasionally managed to break through the   Málaga had been occupied by the French since they   primary targets were the fortifications around the city
        naval base. The ships and men based there played an   British naval blockade and insert a warship into Cádiz         marched through on their way to Cádiz in 1810. The city   and any French shipping they found at the anchorage.
        essential role in the history of the day.           Bay from where they would bombard the city. It was               was held by the 6th Regiment of Infantry of Joseph   One of the naval vessels taking part was the Goshawk, a
        In February 1810, during the Peninsular War, the French   during one such action on the 23rd November 1810 that      Napoleon’s army. Joseph was Napoleon’s brother who   16 gun sloop that was of shallow enough draught to
        besieged Cádiz that, following the fall of Madrid, had   Lieutenants Thomas Worth and John Buckland of the           had been installed as King of Spain in 1808.        approach inshore. Unfortunately, during the action, her
        become the Spanish seat of power. 60,000 French     Royal Marine Artillery were killed by the same shot              In 1812 it was time to restore Málaga to the Spanish and   captain was killed and now rests at the Trafalgar
        troops in entrenchments at Chiclana, Puerto Real and   fired by a French frigate. At the time they were serving      on the 29th April that year an action took place off   Cemetery.
        Puerto de Santa Maria faced 2,000 Spanish troops who,   a gun on one of the howitzer boats that were used            Málaga that has few references in any history book. The   The inscription reads ‘James LILBURN, Captain, HM
        as the siege progressed, were reinforced by another   against the French positions. They are buried in the           taking of Málaga was a combined army and naval battle,   Sloop Goshawk, who nobly fell in an attack made on the
        10,000 Spanish as well as British and Portuguese    same grave, together in death as they were in action.            the army marching on the city by land supported by   enemy’s forts and shipping at Málaga, 29th April 1812,
        soldiers. Any relief had to come by sea, and much of that   It was not until the French were defeated at             artillery fire supplied from naval ships offshore whose   aged 38 years. Erected by the officers of the sloop.’
        came from Gibraltar.                                Salamanca, in 1812 by the Duke of Wellington, that the
        The defence of Cádiz was one of the most critical   siege was lifted as the French were forced to retreat           The Trafalgar Cemetery contains many more stories of battles won and lost. It also tells tales of tragic events such
        campaigns during the war. Keeping Cádiz out of enemy   from Andalucia.                                              as the frequent outbreaks of yellow fever and cholera. Whatever the cause of death there can be no finer resting
        hands preserved the Spanish monarch.                                                                                place, nor better company with whom to spend eternity.

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