Visit Andalucia Logo
Visit Andaucia Best Travel Platform Spain
This article has been visited 2,259 times

Luque gateway to Sierra Subbetica Natural Park

Guide to Luque gateway to the Sierra Subbetica Natural Park and Sierra Subbetica Geopark in Cordoba province Andalucia

By Nick Nutter | Last Updated 15 Mar 2022 | Córdoba | Villages
Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción

Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción

On the northern edge of the Sierra Subbetica Natural Park, Luque stands at the foot of an imposing crag, Tajo del Algarrobo. Crowned by a castle and a hermitage that overlooks the town square, Luque is the quintessential mountain village.

Ermita del Rosario

Ermita del Rosario

Occupation in the area started during the Neolithic period. For those interested, a tour of Cueva de la Encantada can be arranged from the tourist office in Luque. The cave entrance is behind the Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción. Reproductions of cave art found in other, inaccessible caves in the area, have been collected in the one cave.

Castillo de Venceaire

View over Luque

View over Luque

With its clipped and imposing figure on the Tajo del Algarrobo , the fortress has dominated the entire landscape at least since the final days of the Emirate of Córdoba. The name Venceaire is a deformation of its original name Albenzaide or Benzaide.

The history of the town is intimately linked with that of its castle. The first fortification was built in the late 9th century AD. As recorded by the chronicler Hisn Lukko: in 909 AD It was briefly occupied by the rebel leader, Ibn Mastana during the rebellion against the Ummayads led by Omar bin Hafsun. Order was restored and the Emir of Cordoba, Muhammed I, strengthened the fortifications. During the 12th and 13th centuries the castle gained three external walls. You can see the remains of these walls by looking over the parapet as you ascend the steep road to the castle gates. The castle was captured by Fernando III in 1240 and the castle walls were reinforced. Recaptured by the Moors, the castle underwent yet more renovations including the construction of the Torre de Homenaje with a grain store and aljibe. The castle and town were finally re-conquered by Alfonso XI in 1347. King Henry II gave control of Luque to Don Egas Venegas, Lord Mayor of Cordoba. The Venegas family lived in the castle until the early 18th century.

ADVERTISEMENT

Luque Town

Ayuntamiento Luque

Ayuntamiento Luque

Beneath the castle is the Ermita del Rosario and beneath that is the Plaza de Espana, the main square with the Ayuntamiento at one end and the Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, at the other. The town spreads out from there in the normal, unplanned maze of alleys and passages lined with whitewashed houses. It is a picturesque village, not overburdened with tourists, the economy still depends on olives and cereals.

Centro de Interpretación del Aceite de Oliva

Castillo de Venceaire

Castillo de Venceaire

In 2012, the Centro de Interpretación del Aceite de Oliva opened to promote the area’s olive oil and demonstrate all aspects of the industry. Everything you might want to know about olive oil.

Castle at Luque

Castle at Luque

Find Luque on the map

ADVERTISEMENT

We Welcome Your Comments

We'll never share your email with anyone else.

Please add together 5 + 9 =

ADVERTISEMENT

Advertise with us