El Torcal de Antequera is a limestone karstic region, the result of 65 million years of uplift and erosion. 65 million years ago the African tectonic plate was creeping in an easterly direction at the rate of 27 – 30 millimetres per year, it still is. The northern part of that plate scraped against the European plate and the much smaller Alboran plate wedged between them. The compression of the landscape caused by this movement over a period of 18 million years created a range of hills and mountains that stretched from Cadiz to Valencia now known as the Baetic Cordillera.
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Photographer: Nicholas C Nutter
Copyright: Nicholas C Nutter
Credit: Visit Andalucia
Image Created: Julie Evans