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October in the kitchen garden - Peas and Beans

in Andalucia, Spain
By Nick Nutter | 10 Jul 2020
Brassicas and Lettuce Aubergines Potatoes, Peas and Beans

Now is the time to sow pea and bean seeds ready for an early crop next year.

Remember last month I gave you tips on composting, how to make compost, when and where to use it and what plants to plant or seeds to sow in ground enriched with compost? Well, I composted last month ready for my autumn sowing and plantings. Any rains help fix the compost in the top few centimetres of soil and a quick run over with the rotavator left me with a beautiful tilth, just right for my peas and beans. I make rows to improve the drainage which is essential for legumes, especially those sown in autumn when constant wet can rot the seed, and I make the rows flat on top a full rakes width wide to that I can plant a double row.

Mentioning seeds rotting. You will find two sorts of pea seed, wrinkle seed and round seed. Round seed tend to rot less in wet weather because the water runs off them rather than being trapped in the wrinkly bits, so they are ideal for autumn planting. Wrinkly pea seeds can be sown into late spring when they need all the water round them they can get.

I sow broad beans now for a crop in early spring. A variety I have found that grows well here is Giant Exhibition Longpod. The seeds are planted one hands span apart in double rows in broad trenches 2 inches deep ( up to the second knuckle of a forefinger if you plant individually). Plant seeds alternately on each side of your rake width row as opposed to opposite each other. Replace the soil, tamp down lightly with the back of a rake and give a good water. I do support broad beans because my plot is a bit exposed to westerlies. I put a row of stout canes (cut from the lane and dried) about 1 metre apart with 2 metres showing above the surface down either side of the double rows and run bailing twine between them at handspan intervals. Looks a bit rustic but does the job.

I sow a garden pea called Douce Provence. As the name suggests it is a French variety. The yield is not as heavy as with other peas, nor are they as large, nor do you get as many in a pod – they are probably on the EU hit list - but the taste is wonderful and they continue cropping for at least two months. The packet will probably tell you this variety needs no staking. Well that may be true in the UK but here they definitely need support. Be prepared for them getting to 2 metres tall. I use a double row of canes, covered in pea netting, up one side, across the top and down the other. Sow seeds 2 inches apart either side of your rake width row.

My autumn legume planting is completed with a row of sugar snap peas called Delikett. The small pods are picked when the peas within just show as little bulges. Again the plants will need support. Sow seeds 2 inches apart either side of your rake width row.

Other seeds to sow now in composted ground are: salad onions, lettuce, fennel, radish

Plants and sets to put in composted ground now are: onions, leeks, garlic

Seeds to sow now in ground composted prior to the last crop: carrot, beetroot, swede, parsnips, kohl rabi, turnips, salsify.

Plants to sow now in ground composted prior to the last crop: romanesco, broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, lettuce.

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History in Andalucia municipality

Prehistoric Andalucia | Evolution of Homo Sapiens
History of Andalucia | The Lure of Gold
Phoenicians in Andalucia | Where the Phoenicians came from
Phoenicians in Andalucia | The First Civilisations in Spain
Phoenicians in Andalucia | Phoenicians meet the Iberians
Phoenicians in Andalucia | Phoenician expansion in Andalucia
Phoenicians in Andalucia | Competition between Greeks and Phoenicians
Phoenicians in Andalucia | The Carthaginians triumph
Amphorae, the container of choice for 4000 years
The Barbary Pirates scourge of the Andalucian Coast
Romans in Andalucia | Rome takes over from Carthage
Romans in Andalucia | Rome subdues the Iberians 205 BC to 139 BC
Romans in Andalucia | Pax Andalucia between 100 BC and 180 AD, the Romanisation of Baetica
Romans in Andalucia | Decline and Fall of the Romans
History of Roman Mining in the Rio Tinto area
History of Andalucia | The Zanclean Deluge
Christopher Columbus, Life, Voyages and Death
Phoenicians in Andalucia | The Phoenician wreck of Mazarron II
Mithraism - a Roman mystery
Neanderthals 500kya to 45kya
Terminology, Cultures, Epochs and Eras
Solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short
Mining in Huelva Province
Romans in Andalucia | Roman Engineering and Building
Romans in Andalucia | Roman Industry in Andalucia
Climate in Prehistoric Andalucia
Neanderthal to Modern Human Transition 45kya to 25kya
The Neolithic Expansion 5800 – 4700 BC
A Shaky Start for Modern Humans 25 kya - 16 kya
The Mesolithic in Andalucia 16kya - 5800 BC
The Neolithic Expansion 9500 - 5800 BC
From Muslim to Moriscos
Iberian Culture and Society
The Tartessians and the Fabled Land of Tartessos
Muslim Invasion of Hispania 711 AD
Muslim Occupation of al-Andalus 711 - 756 AD
The Independent Emirate 756 – 929 AD
Caliphate of Córdoba 929 - 1031 AD
The First Taifa Period 1031 – 1091 AD
The Almoravid Dynasty 1091 - 1147 AD
The Almohad Dynasty 1145 - 1248 AD
Economy of al-Andalus 711 - 1492 AD
Consolidating the Emirate of Granada 1248 – 1272 AD
The History of Flamenco
Emirate of Granada 1272 - 1482 AD
The Granada War 1482 - 1492 AD
Mining in Málaga Province
Mining in Seville Province
Mining in Córdoba Province
Mining in Granada Province
Mining in Jaén Province
Mining in Almeria Province
Nobody Expected the Spanish Inquisition - as we perceive it today
Behind the Spanish Inquisition
The Early Years of the Spanish Inquisition
Spreading the Spanish Inquisition
An alternative guide to discover Andalucia through its street art

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